World War II Comfort Women
Primary Sources -
Banning, Jan. "Comfort Women." Jan Banning Photographer. Jan Banning, n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2012.
Jan Banning is truly an amazing photographer. The combination of his work and the interviewees’ stories allow viewers to understand how awful the comfort women were treated. I used one of his pictures and stories to display that feeling in my website. Including these features were necessary because the majority of viewers will understand comfort women hardships better after hearing from comfort women themselves.
"Comfort Women During WWII." Women's Revolution. Women's Revolution, 20 Apr. 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
From this website, I used the displayed photograph. I felt that it captivated how poor, dirty and young comfort women were. The photograph itself has popped up in practically all of my searches. The image is very famous for it displays both the feelings and lifestyle comfort women had.
"Comfort Women." The Japanese Colonial Period. KoreanHistory.info, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
I used the photograph all the way at the bottom of this website, which was accompanied by a paragraph about comfort women that were Korean. I found interesting that the soldiers cared about the races of the comfort women. This was the first site that I went to that introduced me to the varying races of comfort women and the soldiers‘ preferences. And lastly, the photo is reasonably clear and large so I decided to include it.
"Dutch Ex Comfort Women." Japan Focus. The Asia Pacific Journal, 26 Jan. 2006. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
This website had a lot of informative images along with a few primary sources. I used one photograph, which showed the crowding outside of a comfort station. I felt that the image was necessary because the amount of soldiers’ comfort women saw everyday was remarkably high. The amount depended on where the station was located but nevertheless those women saw at least 30 soldiers a day.
Inada, Miho. "Judge Orders Nikon to Hold 'Comfort Women' Photo Exhibit." Japan Realtime. Wall Street Journal, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012.
This photograph is the home banner on the website I created. I felt that the image was simple yet breathtaking, so I had to include it. The photograph is of a comfort woman survivor. She has wrinkles and has aged since her years as a comfort woman but her bad thoughts and pain still remain and I feel that this photo captures exactly that.
"Korean Sex Slaves During WWII: Japan Empire." The Truth about WWII. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
I used all three photographs from this website. And although the photos do not have the best quality, you have to take into consideration that they were taken more than 50 years ago. I feel that if you look past the somewhat blurred images one can see that the women are all frightened. It is pieces like this that impact me.
Lah, Kyung. "Forgotten Faces: Japan's Comfort Women - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network, 15 June 2012. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
This website holds an article along with a video and photographs. It was also updated this past year. I used the information on this website numerous times throughout my development. I felt that the article explains why we should care about comfort women and how some people are trying to.
"Oral Histories of the Comfort Women." Primary Source Document with Questions. Columbia University, n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2012.
This website was definitely helpful in executing what happened in the daily lives of comfort women. I was able to use Kim Tŏkchin as an example. She went through so much and to know she lives a true story frightens me. That could have happened to any one of us, if we had lived back then. I feel that this primary source is no doubt, important because it gives me a way to communicate the hardships a comfort woman.
Secondary Sources -
"'Facing Reality': Local Artists' Exhibit Features Current Events." Pascack Valley Community Life. NorthJersey.com, 26 May 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
From this website, I used the painting that Steve Cavallo created. I feel that he has played a huge part in raising the public’s awareness about comfort women. His paintings both oil and watercolors portray the how harsh a comfort woman’s life was. In particular, this is a painting of a comfort woman who was sacrificed on a cross. I feel that the painting displays the idea that comfort women were tortured just as bad as those who were nailed to the cross.
"False Comfort." SVA Close Up. School of Visual Arts, 14 Oct. 2009. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
I used the second painting from this website article. It was another piece by Steve Cavallo. His artwork has become more and more popular, which has, in turn, raised the public’s awareness on comfort women and their stories. I feel that this painting shows the psychological aspect of torture the comfort women endured. The painting has comfort women bowing to soldiers because the women were told that they must do everything that the soldiers asked of them.
Kiser, Toni. "Comfort Women." The National WWII Museum. The National WWII Museum, n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2012.
This website was extremely crucial for me to understand the basics of comfort women. It has a lot of facts as well as insights from comfort women themselves. I felt that this site was important because of the amount of quality information it had to offer. I used it various times throughout the creation of my own website.
"Korean Comfort Women in New Jersey." ICross. NewsWire, 28 Feb. 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
This website is actually an article in Korean. Luckily, Google was able to translate it so I could understand the content. I used a painting from this website, which was one of Cavallo’s. It shows a comfort woman picking flowers from the grass. I liked it so much because the painting showed that even in captivation comfort women still attempted to find peace and this comfort woman in particular enjoyed picking flowers.
Lee, Chang-Jin. "Comfort Women Wanted." Vimeo. N.p., 12 Nov. 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
This website includes a video and introduction to comfort women. It was interesting hearing from a soldier’s perspective and how that soldier hopes that this part of history does not repeat itself. I felt so connected to the speakers throughout the entire video that I had to include it in my own website. Overall, the site was informative and engaging.
Lee, SooJin. "Wednesday Demonstration." Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012.
I gathered all my information on the Wednesday Demonstration from this website. It includes images to display the protesting along with a paragraph to describe what happens during the demonstration. I felt that this was an important site because it introduced me to comfort women that were still fighting today. I also enjoyed learning about the groups that will not stand for injustice who support the demonstration.
"Number of Comfort Stations and Comfort Women." Digital Museum: The Comfort Women Issue and the Asian Women's Fund. AWF, n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2012.
I visited this website numerous times throughout my development because it holds such valuable information. It is one of the few sites that have statistics involved. I was amazed by how much it had because there is not that much information on this hushed topic. And lastly, I incorporated most of the data the site had to offer in my very own website.
"Palisades Park Library Hosts Plaque Unveiling." Mochi Thinking. Blogger, 08 May 2012. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
This website includes my favorite painting by Steve Cavallo. The background is red and has a comfort woman in the front holding a gourd mask. I felt that the painting is beautiful and holds a deeper meaning. I feel that comfort women had to hide their identities and emotions while they were in captivation and this painting does an amazing job to depict that.
Robinson, B. A. "Japanese Sex Slavery Before, during and after World War II." Human Slavery. Religious Tolerance, 08 Nov. 2009. Web. 01 Oct. 2012.
This website allowed me to grasp what the purpose of comfort women were. Its importance lies with the information the website holds. I was able to truly understand the four reasons why the Japanese government decided to allow the use of comfort stations. The website also has relevant quotes and interviews from Comfort women themselves.
Rondon, Nayda. "Bringing Horrors To The Forefront With Art." Westwood-Hillsdale Patch. Patch, 22 Nov. 2010. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
This website displays several of Cavallo’s paintings. I used the first one where Cavallo depicted a comfort woman in rags and thorns. His paintings hold both the emotions and thoughts of comfort women. I included it because I am attracted to learning about comfort women through his artwork that hopefully others will too.
"Westwood Resident Discussion with Comfort Women." Pascack Valley Community Life. NorthJersey.com, 08 Dec. 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
From this website, I used the first painting viewers see. This site includes both Cavallo’s work along with an accompanying article. I was able to learn about the history of Cavallo and the history of his artwork. This site is important because it is not only recent but it also gives the names of other artists that create work for the benefit of spreading awareness about the forgotten comfort women.