Friday, August 12, 2011

why kuk sool won grandmaster proud golden wear?

The founder of Korean Kuk Sool Won is Grandmaster In-hyuk Suh.

Official website
Kuk Sool Won (Hangul: 국술원) is a Korean martial arts system founded by Suh In-Hyuk (Hangul: 서인혁; the Kuk Sa Nim or Grandmaster) in 1958.[1] The name Kuk Sool Won translates to "National Martial Art Association" and despite often being shortened to 'Kuk Sool,' the name kuk sool (국술; 國術) is a non-trade marked name used to denote similar Korean martial arts developed prior to or about the same time as the formation of Kuk Sool Won. Kuk Sool Won is currently taught world-wide[1] and since it was founded as a martial arts system and not merely as a martial arts style, Kuk Sool Won does not consider itself limited to any single discipline. It attempts to be a comprehensive study of all traditional Korean martial arts. Suh In Hyuk's philosophy regarding his system is to "Integrate and explore the entire spectrum of established traditional Korean martial arts, body conditioning techniques, mental development, and weapons training."[2]

Kuk Sool Won is a Korea
Korea ) is a region and former country of East Asia that was unified under one state, but now divided into two separate states. Located on the Korean Peninsula, it is bordered by People's Republic of China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, and is separated from Japan to the east by the...
n martial arts
Martial arts
Martial arts are extensive systems of codified practices and traditions of combat. Martial arts all have similar objectives: to physically defeat other persons or defend oneself or others from physical threat...
 system founded by Suh In-Hyuk |Grandmaster]]) in 1958. The name Kuk Sool Won translates to "National Martial Art Association" (often shortened to 'Kuk Sool') and it is currently taught worldwide. Founded as a martial arts system and not merely a martial arts style, Kuk Sool is not limited to any single discipline. It attempts to be a comprehensive study of all Korean martial arts
Korean martial arts
Korean martial arts are the martial arts that originated from Korea. Some well known Korean martial arts are hapkido, kuk sool won, and taekwondo. There has also been a revival of Korean sword arts as well as knife fighting and archery...
. In Hyuk Suh's philosophy regarding his system is to "Integrate and explore the entire spectrum of established Asian martial arts, body conditioning techniques, mental development, and weapons training."


The study of Kuk Sool also includes many modern day techniques such as gun defense and weapon improvisation. Kuk Sool has many facets and is performed for self-defense, healing, conditioning, competition, fun and aesthetic purposes.


Kuk Sool encompasses many different "styles". However, it still has some discernible characteristics that set it apart from other traditional martial arts. It is typically characterized by having low stances and fluid, graceful motions. There is also an emphasis on joint locks and pressure points. Kuk Sool is also described as being a hard-soft style, which includes hard and forceful strikes in addition to circular and fluid movements.

Student creed

Kuk Sool students are all expected to abide by the Kuk Sool Won Pledge

1) I develop myself in a positive manner and avoid anything that would reduce my mental growth or physical health, Sir/Ma'am.

2) I develop self discipline in order to bring out the best in myself and others, Sir/Ma'am.

3) I use what I learn in class constructively and defensively to help my self and my fellow man, to never be abusive or offensive, Sir/Ma'am

You won hwa

One of the key aspects of Kuk Sool revolves around the theory of "You Won Hwa". Translated literally, this would mean "Water Circle Harmony". The first part, 'you' or 'body' (water), symbolizes adaptability and softness as well as power. The second part, 'won' (circle), suggest that there is a personal circle around you, and that one should always be active and ready to redirect aggression. The redirecting of attacks in Kuk Sool is typically characterized by circular movements. The third and final part, 'hwa' (harmony or togetherness), represents the desire to achieve harmony between mind and body. In practice this is obtained through repetition. The idea is to combine these three aspects and use them to govern all of the practitioner's movements.

Technical aspects

Kuk Sool includes (but is not limited to) the following sets of techniques:
  • Joint locking/breaking: Various joint locks are employed in Kuk Sool, including wrist locks, arm-bars, and small joint manipulation.
  • Soo Ki (Hand Striking): Palm, fist, wrist, finger, closed hand, open hand, arm, shoulder and pressure-point striking techniques.
  • Johk Sool (Kicking Techniques): Spinning, jumping, combination, double-leg, and pressure-point kicks.
  • Throwing and Grappling (Tu Ki & Jap Ki): Body throws, projection throws, leg throws, pressure-point grappling, grappling defense, wrestling, and ground-fighting techniques.
  • Nak Bup (Falling Principles): Falling techniques are taught in Kuk Sool. These techniques allow a practitioner to fall into a variety of positions while minimizing injury. This is typically accomplished through maximizing the surface area on impact to prevent damaging force on an isolated area of the body.
  • Animal-Style Techniques: Tiger, Mantis, Crane, Dragon, Snake, Bear, Eagle etc.
  • Traditional Korean Weapons: Sword
    A sword is a long, edged piece of forged metal, used in many civilizations throughout the world, primarily as a cutting or thrusting weapon. The word sword comes from the Old English sweord, cognate to Old High German swert, Middle Dutch swaert, Old Norse sverð Old Frisian and Old...
     (short, long, single and double, straight and inverted), staff (short, middle and long, single and double), jeol bong (double and triple sectioned; also known as nunchucks and sansetsukon), knife
    A knife is any cutting edge or blade, hand-held or otherwise, with or without a handle . Knives were used at least two-and-a-half million years ago, as evidenced by the Oldowan tools...
    , spear
    A spear is a pole weapon consisting of a shaft, usually of wood, with a pointed head.The head may be simply the sharpened end of the shaft itself, as is the case with bamboo spears, or it may be made of a more durable material fastened to the shaft, such as flint, obsidian, iron, steel or...
    , wol do (Moon knife - a Korean halberd), sam-ji chang (triple tipped spear, trident
    A trident , also called a leister or gig, is a three-pronged spear. It is used for spear fishing and was also a military weapon. Tridents are featured widely in mythical, historical and modern culture. The sea god Poseidon or Neptune is classically depicted bearing a trident.Note that a trident...
    , or dangpa
    Dangpa is the Korean name for a three-pronged spear first described in the Muyejebo, a 16th century martial arts manual from the Joseon Dynasty.-Types:...
    ), cane, rope, fan, and the bow and arrow (taught in the traditional style, using a thumb draw).
  • Martial Art Healing Methods: Acupressure, acupuncture
    Acupuncture is an alternative medicine that treats patients by insertion and manipulation of needles in the body. Its proponents variously claim that it relieves pain, treats infertility, treats disease, prevents disease, or promotes general health. The efficacy of acupuncture, beyond the placebo...
    , internal energy, herbal medicine.
  • Meditation and Breathing Techniques: Meditation and breathing postures and concentration techniques.

These principles and styles guide the following facets of Kuk Sool Won.


At each rank level, Kuk Sool martial artists are required to know one or more empty-hand forms or "hyung
The Korean terms hyeong, pumsae and teul are all used to refer to martial arts forms that are typically used in Korean martial arts such as Taekwondo and Tang Soo Do. In non-martial terms, hyung can mean "big brother," but this is fundamentally distinct from hyeong...
". These forms are performed solo. Each form has an overall guiding significance to it, which may range from balance and linear motion to preparation and practice for a knife form. Once a student has attained a black-belt level, they are introduced to solo weapons forms. These are similar to empty-hand forms, except they incorporate a weapon.

Also at black-belt rank or above, a student may learn partner weapon forms, or sparring forms. These are performed with two people in a scripted series of events. Caution is taken at first to learn the form and not to injure your partner, but true mastery is demonstrated (amongst other things) by full speed and full contact.

In addition, all forms have five guiding principles with each one governing a specific part of the body and containing a MAJOR and minor rule or guideline.
  • Mind: CALM yet alert
  • Eyes: BRIGHT and focused
  • Body (torso): LOW and soft (soft meaning supple, not weak or fragile)
  • Hands: FAST and precise
  • Feet: SLOW and controlled (slow meaning deliberate, not slow-moving or lethargic)


Kuk Sool systematically divides applied principles of martial arts into techniques which are organized into technique sets. Each belt level has one or more sets a practitioner is required to know before advancing. The number of techniques in each set can range from as little as six to more than twenty, and are ordered and grouped by principle. For instance, there is a throwing technique set, as well as a counter-to-throwing technique set.

Technique sets also range in level of mastery, with some higher-ranking technique sets similar to lower-ranking technique sets, but with a more difficult and/or precise method of application. Individual techniques are performed with one or more partners from a predetermined stance. Most techniques end with a proper application of a joint lock, choke, strike, throw or a combination of any of these. In order to be effective, Kuk Sool techniques must be performed with speed, accuracy and control.


Kuk Sool Won uniforms or "dobok
Dobok is the uniform worn by practitioners of Korean martial arts. Do means "way" and bok means "clothing." The dobok is modeled on the Japanese gi, used in Judo, which was developed by Judo's founder, Kanō Jigorō. The dobok comes in many colours, though white or black are the most common. The...
" are standardized, and consists of black medium weight martial arts pants and martial arts training top. The uniform material is stronger than a standard Tae Kwon Do uniform, but lighter than a Judo uniform, as it must allow the user to perform the complete spectrum of martial arts techniques.

Following in Korean tradition, Kuk Sool Won uniforms are black and not white because white is a color associated with death in Korea.

There are three types of Kuk Sool Won uniforms.

Practice uniform This is the most used and plain uniform of Kuk Sool practitioners. It contains just the basic dobok, but also has several patches which may vary slightly from practitioner to practitioner. In general, a vertical Kuk Sool Won patch written in Korean is worn over the right breast, while a South Korean national flag patch is worn over the left breast. The back of the uniform often has Kuk Sool Won written in either English or Korean, with a Kuk Sool Won logo patch in the middle of the back. These patches are also present on every type of Kuk Sool Won uniform.

A national flag patch may also be worn on the shoulder. However, no patches may be worn to identify a particular school. This is to help promote Kuk Sool Won as a unified association and to encourage a friendly, family like atmosphere between schools.

Black Belt uniform This uniform is a practice uniform with a yellow frill attached to a longer top skirt. It may only be worn by 1st degree holders and above. However, the uniform will not have yellow frill if worn by an instructor or assistant instructor.

Generals uniform This uniform is for formal occasions which include but are not limited to testings, promotions, demonstrations and competitions. The uniform itself is modeled after the armor and uniforms worn by ancient Korean generals. Like the Black Belt uniform, it contains a longer skirted top which is cut into sections. The sleeves are held tight against the wearer's wrists and a scarf is worn underneath with an emblem on the throat.

There is no belt with the generals uniform, and rank is denominated by the decorative outline or trim on the uniform in addition to the color scarf and emblem displayed.

General uniform outline denominations

  • 1st degree - Silver Trim with White Scarf, Korean Flag Emblem
  • 2nd degree - Silver Trim with White Scarf, Korean Flag Emblem
  • 3rd degree - Silver Trim with White Scarf, WKSA Emblem
  • 4th degree - Silver/Red Trim with White Scarf, WKSA Emblem
  • 5th degree - Red Trim with White Scarf, WKSA Emblem
  • 6th degree - Red Trim with Red Scarf, WKSA Emblem
  • 7th degree - Red/Gold Trim with Red Scarf, WKSA Emblem
  • 8th degree - Red/Gold Trim with Gold Scarf, WKSA Emblem
  • 9th degree - Gold Trim with Gold Scarf, WKSA Emblem
  • 10th degree - Gold Trim with Gold Scarf, WKSA Emblem
  • Grandmaster - All Gold Dobok(wang-sa) with twin dragon emblems*, puce trim

  • Twin phoenix (or cranes) in place of the twin dragons was the *peace time* version of the wang-sa dobok the grandmaster considers the WKSA to be at war until the public more readily recognizes what kuk sool won is, similar to the recognition that TKD and Karate has.


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